Is your lifetime quota of heartbeats fixed ? kleiber,s law #innovations

Category – Science

Reading time – 2 minutes

Max kleiber was a Swiss scientist.

He researched on agricultural plants and animals. He wanted to find, effect of body size on metabolic rate of the organisms, a thing that was useful in cattle industry.

Cattle industry owners saw potential in his research, as he could predict how fat their cattle will grow and how much bounty they can get by serving them to carnivorous masses.

Working over this, he stumbled upon a pattern, which is called kleiber law.

He noticed that as organisms grow in size, they slow down.

A rat has faster beating heart; as compared to an elephant. A bull’s heart beats slower than a cat, when he munches his grass.

He applied his mathematics knowledge, to analyse it and he found that it follows, “negative quarter power scaling.”

That means something; that blasts mind of every guy, who didn’t like maths at the school.

But, we can only know that if we take mass of an organism and do its square root and do square root of result obtained again; we will get approximate idea of its metabolism. Metabolism is 3/4 th power of its mass.

That means we do sqaure root twice.

By these ratios, we can predict relative metabolism of two animal species.

For example, if we take a cow and a rat. Let’s assume if cow is x times heavier than it; then cow’s heart will beat x times slower than rat and it will live roughly x times longer.

Scientist Geoffrey west took it further, when he applied this law to non living things like cities, creativity and ideas.

It applied well to cities when we saw cable length, petrol stations, factories etc.

But when he applied it to Idea generation and innovation it was not applicable.

As size of cities increased, number of ideas generated increased exponentially.

That is why cities serve as centres of growth and innovation.

As different ideas collide; they generates new combinations.

Hence, although kleiber’s law can help in comparison of heart rates and life-span of different species, it doesn’t apply everywhere as a basic law of energy distribution in nature.

Let’s stop here. I don’t see too many fans of mathematics, who scroll on social media.

Inspiration – Where the good ideas come from Steven Johnson.

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10/10 law #innovation #newtech #economic science

Category – Technology and science

Reading time – 5 minutes

Slow path of acceptance

We humans are slow. We have infinite inertia. We would lie on the spot; if somebody put food plate on our belly and switched on the television.

We hardly like to change.

When scientists make a new discovery, they jump in their trousers and envision world changing due to their discovery.

But with time, they see ignorant human beings around them, munching on their oily burgers.

How they can’t see the revolution.

Scientists grow old, their skin wrinkles, eyes give away in the hope of seeing their discovery reach the masses and few even go away into oblivion, before people realise that some great thing is here.

It applies to all the technologies. Generally a technology is slow to be adapted by massess.

It takes generally 10 years to build a new platform or idea and another 10 years to its reach into mass audience.

For example first colour tv broadcast was done in 1954, but it reached prime time in 1965.

HDTV took 10 years to reach from first signal to mass audience.

AM radio took 10 years to reach masses.

But this speed was speed of the 20 th century.

Now, technology progress seems to be speeding up. Facebook, YouTube, wtsapp took lesser time to reach masses.

So did instagram and paytm.

So did phonepe, Zomato and grocers.

As technology and it’s adoption rate are both speeding up; it remains a mystery that when will this speed stabalise or we are going to be more and more entropic race.

Inspiration – The design of everyday things by Don Norman

#technology #science #evolution

Nirma story #succes #nirma #business

Category – Business

Reading time – 2 minutes

Mr Karda bhai patel worked as chemist in office of Gujrat government in west Indian corner.

He was stuck with an idea to manufacture detergent powder in his backyard and he started selling it in his area.

He did this after his office hours.

He used low pricing to attract cost conscious Indian customers.

People liked it for its quality and low cost. Encouragement led to resignation from job. He set up his small workshop in Ahemdabad.

He slowly captured market in Gujarat and Maharashtra. Then he spread all over the country.

Today Nirma group is a mammoth working in diverse areas like medicines, soaps, detergents, salts and lab products.

Everything starts small.

Everything takes time.

Everything needs to expand, adapt and change with time.

Everything like this is inspirational.

#business #growth #enterpraneur

Illusion that all businesses create! #infinitegame #workstress#newbusiness #simonsinek

Category – Business. Reading time – 5 minutes.

A lot of things are infinite. They continue. Waiting for their end, leads to early obituaries. Eyes dry out, before comprehending corners of these things.

There is no end to a few things. There is no permanent winner or looser. Only finite moments of disturbances followed by a continuous flow of the time. Flow; that is continuous.

Life is such a thing. A little part of infinite flow of time. It ends and no body notices after sometime. Then new biomass loaded with consciousness, wriggles on earth and this flow continues unabated.

Life is part of an infinite stream that continues; come what may. Life ends but game of the life continues. Till last living cell is destroyed, it will continue and even after that; there is always a chance of resurrection of biology.

So why do we want finite durations?

Why we want business quarters?

Why we want annual reports?

We know business continues till owners live , so why is focus on the short term? Long term things should have long term strategy.

So, for a brand to last for decades; we need infinite mindset.

Infinite mindset means – That business is an infinite game; that is to be played with long-term targets in vision.

For example, USA thought Vietnam war was a finite game but after loss of life and big fortune; they realised that it was an infinite game, if they continued to play it.

Microsoft wanted to defeat Apple, which was a finite game mindset. Apple focused on satisfying the customer and recently on the privacy of customers. Hence Apple was clearly playing infinite game right from the start.

Lego wants game to continue. Hence it has been around for so long.

Even if Apple knew that iPhone will kill the ipod, they went ahead with it.

Similarly gym to gain fitness is an infinite game. If you stop following diet and excercise schedule after few months, you endup regaining all the weight you shed with so much effort.

So take life as an infinite game.

Qurters, annual revenues, flowcharts- all are artificial constructs to keep shirt term goals in perspective, but too much focus on them may jeopardize long term prospects of the business.

Infinite game is positive and inclusive.

It needs reselience and it has a just cause.

It avoids too much focus on the short term results, as long as long term progress is positive.

Hence next time you see an CEO too much submerged in three monthly results, assume that he has got a finite mindset.

Inspiration – The infinite game by Simon Sinek
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How to finish almost everything that you start! #personalgrowth #habits#psychology

Category – Business
Reading time – 5 minutes

Starting is easy. Every year millions of people start things. They take resolutions. They start journaling. They even start evening walks and blogs.

Many more testosterone filled souls start revolutions. But it is both frightening and disheartening that 92% of the revolutions fail. Especially violent revolutions.

Non violence has better chance of succeding, as it stays for longer duration and gets more moral support. So we humans are excellent starters but very poor finishers.

Projects, books, loveletters, charities, homeworks, commitments, most of businesses in long term don’t finish well.

So, finishing a thing is an extremely rare skill, that is must for every restless entrepreneur.

What can you do. Here are few things

1. Don’t aim for perfection.

Nobody was perfect and nobody will be. Do best whatever you can do. And just don’t mess up voluntarily. Accept that you are normal ape, that is not perfect.

2. Divide and rule –

Divide big work into small tasks. It frightens less. It remains manageable. It keeps your brain away from panic and chaos. If you want to write a book try to write a page first.

3. Make things fun –

Attach some reward or pleasurable activity with your work. Listen to music. Go out while drinking your coffee if you should. Watch a cricket match on reaching home.

4. Remove noble hurdles –

They represent part of perfectionism. Things like, ” If I do this, then I will… need to be avoided.

5. Measure progress –

You will get idea about how much have you accomplished.

6. Find your space –

Identify time and place, where you are generally most productive. I know you count bathroom in, and it’s ok, if you are creative there.

These things will help you finish a lot more thing. A half done work is not useful to anybody.

Inspiration – Finish by Jon Scuff
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How to save a talent from wilting away? #personalgrowth #motivation #sucess

Category – Business

Reading time – 5 minutes

Talent is a peculiar thing. It is so abundant sometimes; that you see it everywhere. It is more accurate description of social media personas, we encounter daily.

With acceptability of self boasting as a new normal trend, we see people floating their talents on social media.

Talent has multiplied many folds. With no judge or critic, people produce things ( posts), using their talents and push it down the throats of other similarly talented people, in exchange of ever elusive likes and shares.

It’s like apes scratching each other. If Socrates or epictetus somehow visited instagram pages prevelent in present times, they would be bewildered to see infinite sea of talented people on the planet earth.

They might like to take a wordpress SEO tutorial, for their teachings to beat average blogger followership.

That was the idiotic babble at the start of the article.

Now let’s see few basic concepts, that help in keeping talented person afloat.

1. Practice till your subconscious accepts the skill and you could make an omlette, while doing that work.

2. Find a mentor. Yes that one person who dies lesser number of mistakes as compared to his younger self. And who wants you to be a success.

3. Get inspiration. If not enough steal ideas. But give credit to the original creator.

4. Learn both hard skills like plumbing and softskills like boardskating, writing etc.

5. Don’t try to label yourself as child prodigy, as most of them fail as they grow into the adulthood.

6. Learn from mistake. Don’t burn the toast each time. Also don’t burn the toaster.

7. Increase difficulty level during practice time. On field things will appear easier, if you have done more difficult things.

8. To learn a new move, exaggerate it like the helicopter shot of mahander Singh Dhoni.

9. Take notes and also remember to read them before throwing them into the trash.

10. Practice immediately after the performance. That is the time when muscles are hot and motivation engine is running.

11. Visualise your performance or better watch your performance video.

12. Keep you big hairy audacious goals secret from the world.


Motivationa – The talent code by Daniel Coyle

https://www.amazon.in/dp/0099519852/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_apa_fabc_Z8YNFB3MBA08AYZY0ZC9

Negotiation basics in 5 minutes! #negotiation #chrisvoss #persuation #psychology

Category – Psychology

Reading time – 5 minutes

Whenever a baby is born, everyone wants this baby to cry. That’s all right. They need to learn to cry, before they can earn their laughs. Who wants to be at a place; where everyday is pelted with difficult negotiations.

Negotiations mean, a mutual discussion in an effort to reach an agreement, which both parties find appropriate.

Humans are partially illogical. You got to negotiate with a lots of them daily.

Every life is a series of negotiations. Every day is string of negotiations to get a better place in resource limited biosphere.

So guys, it is of utmost importance that we know what’s up with this negotiations thing.

Neither you can stand there like a banana tree, nor you can punch people in faces. You got to be diplomatic, when it comes to dealing with breathing people.

So, let’s discuss some basics of negotiations.

Disclaimer – These might not work with your wife, but they may help you to tackle little less complicated situations.

Things to be kept in mind –

1. People are irrational. They work at emotional level, especially in difficult situations.

2. People want to be understood.

3. People want to be in control of the situation.

4. Seperate people from the situation. People are not the problem. Situation is.

5. People want things to be fair according to their own definition.

6. Keep your voice as calm as possible to keep emotions under control, so that brain can work.

Now let’s dig deeper.

Dont shout or exchange names or open your lid, kept on adrenaline and cortisol. Try to control tone of your voice. Take pauses. Be slow. Don’t overexplain. Try to listen.

It can be done, if you seperate yourself and person from the situation and see situation as the problem.

It takes yoga, mindfulness and meditation. Those are difficult things.

Then what is the next thing that you need to do.

Once you control your primal instincts and get hold of your emotions.

Then listen complaints and try to make out meaning of demands.

Then comes your next two big tools.

1. Tactical empathy –

It means understanding their position. Labelling it. Telling in calm voice, whatever you could understand about their situation. Vocalising it. Without judging at this point.

Like saying to an angry customer that,” I understand your discomfort”. “If I was in your situation, I will feel the same.”

  It calms the person in front and gives them feeling of control. ( Which they crave for)

2. Open end questions –

Ask a question that leaves opportunity for multiple possible answers from the person in front. Ask it and then throw a pause.

Let the person in front complete it or answer it.

This will give person in front, a feeling of control. It will give them chance to vocalise their concern. And it may bring out facts, which may help you in finding a solution.

Sometimes, even repeating what the person in front has said; followed by a tactical pause, can bring out a lot of facts about the reason why that person is upset.

After you have stopped surge of anger with tactical empathy and found more facts by open ended questions, then keep that voice calm like Morgan freeman and try to reach a solution which is win -win for both parties.

These are time tested skills practised by best real world negotiators. So they are going to be useful in normal life scenarios.

Things that help.

1. Instead of saying No, ask open ended question starting with how.

Like if you don’t want your rent to increase. Ask, “How I am going to afford this increased rent?” Throw a pause and hence make this problem, a problem of the landowner.

He has to tell this solution, how you can afford or tell alternative possible solutions. Saying, ‘No’ would not lead to any such results.

2. Watch your body language. 50% of the message is conveyed by your body language. Show concern about opposite party.

3. Give surprise gifts or non monetary benefits in a business deal.

4. Don’t fear,’ No ‘. No is starting point of a negotiation. Welcome a, ‘No’ from opposite party and start negotiations from new set point.

5. Create deadlines or urgency. Like limited time deals. Limited time offers.

So these are few good things that will always help you in difficult talks.

And don’t mind if you fail sometimes. Afterall failing is all too human.

Inspiration – Never split the difference by Chris Voss
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Correct way of doing work! #deepwork #calnewport

Category – Personal growth

Reading time – 5 minutes

You need such solitude to connect deeply with your work.

We all need to work. Not only to earn money but also to keep us purposefully engaged and have satisfaction of contributing to the society.

But great work needs focus. It is not produced by anxious multitaskers with fleeting attention. Great work needs solitude and extreme focus with prolonged slots of distraction free time.

This is called deep work.

Greats like Carl Jung, Woodey Allen, JK Rowling all went into solitude to work on their main projects. Bill Gates takes thinking break once a year to envision future projects. Adam Grant who is bestselling author of the book, Originals goes into self isolation shutting himself away from social media.

As world becomes overburdened with data and job profiles change; old skills are rapidly outdated. You have to be a lifelong learner to stay in the race of everchanging industries. Due to advent of online work culture you have almost whole world competing for same online works. Hence level of expertise needs to be worldclass.

On the contrary to to availibilty of attention destroying social media apps and emails; it is increasingly difficult to have a deep focus on any task. But busyness is not equal to productivity.

Shallow work is easy but is useless. Deep work is dificult.

JK Rowling went to hotels to write in solitude.

What you can do!

Isolation from distractions. Focus on goals.

Try to do meaningful moderately difficult work that puts you in state of flow.

Work hard for a fair amount of time and then reward yourself with a treat like walk in woods or music.

Choose location that inspires and provides you your peaceful workplace. Go to hotel like Rowling or to island like Alan Lightly. Avoid open office.

Go to areas where exchance of ideas can happen like clubs. In MIT there is famous building 20, where scientists go to have coffee and multiple specialities interact with each other.

Focus on important things.

Act and measure progress.

Set accountability on failing to act.

Take break from your main work and indulge in different and attractive work for sometime.

Think about your task while walking.

Give time for self projects. Get enough leisure time to restore energy.

Stay away from social media during most of the worktime. Do not waste too much time on emails.

Inspiration – Deep Work by Cal Newporthttps://www.amazon.in/dp/0349413681

how future leaders should be working? #simonsinek #leaderseatlast

Category – Business

Reading time – 5 minutes

I am not a big fan of leadership books. They are all little bit skewed in their content. They are either very superficial or they paint too idealistic picture of a leader.

As mankind has progressed, rules have changed. We need new type of leadership for future businesses and organisations. Good old paternistic bosses, who wagged their tongue as a whiplash are useless in a generation of individualism.

Leaders of present times need to carry a smile and graditude on their faces and every employee commands a certain degree of respect and freedom. Time and again different studies have confirmed that happy employees lead to happy customers and hence a happy balancesheet for the company.

Few perks and freedom to feel control over their job; leads to more productive workers. This feeling of control erodes away any feeling of insecurity that is prevelent in present job system, where health benefits and pensions are literally absent.

Employees in small teams who trust each other and are free of interteam competition; is a dream of every manager. After 1980, individualism became an accepted theory and fences started appearing between people. This created a dehumanised society; which focuses on profit before environment or poor people.

Rich pay less taxes. They find all possible loopholes to evade taxes. This leads to ever increasing inequality and rich finally end up in such a strong position that they lobby strongly against any change in tax laws.

Self employed and salaried people pay significant part of their income in taxes; as they do not posses knowledge and resources to use tax system loopholes.

So at the end of the day, employee feels good if he had a decent treatment in office. A respecting boss and cordial working environment that permits few human mistakes will make them forget all the odds stacked against them.

So we need leaders who have respectful way of getting things done by their workers and who are ready to handover some control to their workers; so that they feel that they are driving a part of this company.

We need more of oxytocin surge; which leads to feeling of friendship and generosity and lesser levels of cortisol.

Inspiration – Leaders eat last by Simon Sinek.https://www.amazon.in/Leaders-Eat-Last-New-Chapter/dp/0670923176

How innovation works – part 1- Basics #business #disrupt #startup #innovation

Reading time- 2 minutes

Category – Business

.

As we progress further; average life of a corporation is decreasing.

In last century it was 50 years, now it is roughly 10-15 years.

Disruption is speeding up. Big guns fail fast.

Why.

This happens ?

One big reason is lack of innovation.

Companies that don’t innovate fall behind.

Whenever a disruptive innovative idea surfaces in market, it kills many behemoths.

.

When Amazon came, it killed bookstores.

When iphone came, it disrupted camera and music industry.

So innovation keeps organization healthy and long lasting.

.

What is innovation actually ?

“Innovation is anything that adds value to organisation and solves problems.”

It is not same as invention.

Not same as discovery.

Types of innovation-

1. Empty – Not very useful. Adds very less value or no value.

Like Segway which was presented as revolutionary transport device. But still it is struggling to make a mark.

2. Incremental

It is small improvement in already useful technology or process.

It adds value over long time. It is also called horizontal progress.

Like improvements in delivery and storage services by Amazon over time.

Improvement in smartphones in each subsequent model.

3. Breakthrough –

It is significant improvement or addition but not disruptive to other existing companies or businesses.

Like Face ID of apple.

Falcon rocket of Spacex as it created reusable technology for space travel.

Wandy Parker online glassess company which changed the way glasses are bought by customers.

4. Disruptive-

It is rare.

It is genre killer. It kills many businesses.

Uber for taxi business.

Netflix for cable tv.

So, in few articles I will try to share internal workings and intestines of innovation.

In the process let’s try to gather few important insights.

I will share what I have learnt by reading some great Books about ideas and innovation.

Inspiration – Innovation mandate by Nicholas Webb
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