#1- Why idiots are idiots- The Dunning Kruger effect #50brightideas #science

Reading time – 2 minutes.

Category – Psychology

You are generally well versed with excess of idiots around you. It is common habit of homo sapiens to assess IQ level of people surrounding them by observing their behaviour and actions.

So many of them. Some are actually there. Few we assume, as we don’t like them.

Some people are different from us, hence sound idiotic to us and vice versa.

But human population seems to possess the people fully qualified to be labelled as idiots.

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And there is one phenomenon, which explains why they are not aware themselves; that they are idiots.

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Congnitive dissonance or Dunning Kruger effect ( Dk effect).

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It was shown in a study by David Dunning and Justin Kruger that human beings overestimate their ability and that is proportional to their incompetence.

Expert may doubt themselves, but idiot never do that.

There is a fixed pattern, more incompetent somebody is, more competent he feels.

People are very bad at objective assessment of their own ability.

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As they become more competent their overconfidence reduces and they come to senses.

It may be explained, that due to low brain capacity; they are not even able to see themselves clearly.

Hence incompetence and overconfidence is a risky combo. Stay miles away from such people.

According to Duning and Kruger;

there are four stages of competence –

1. Unconscious incompetence-

Person is not aware of his foolishness. Don’t try to reason with him. He will accept any challenge and feels super competent.

2. Conscious incompetence

Gets aware somehow. Due to learning or experience or failures. This is stage of enlightenment. Somebody or some situation opens his eyes.

3. Conscious competence

Person becomes better but still knows there is a lot to learn. Hence keeps learning.

4. Unconscious competence

This is ultimate target. One is expert with little conscious effort.

He still knows that he has many limitation. Risk and benefit analysis gets better.

So next time you see a person you consider idiot; just imagine him being a victim of Dunning Kruger phenomenon. Let him be what he is.

Inspiration – Many books.

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